Safe Production Month丨5 Keys to the Management of Hazardous Chemicals
June this year is the 18th "Safe Production Month" in the country. The Office of the State Council’s Security Committee focuses on the safety of hazardous chemicals, with the theme of "Preventing Risks, Eliminating Hidden Hazards, and Containing Accidents", launching a national "Safe Production Month" and " "Safe Production" campaign.
In recent years, the chemical industry has seen frequent accidents, risks, and accident responsibilities! Safety accidents in college laboratories and chemical plants have occurred from time to time, causing life injuries and loss of property and experimental data. Domestic enterprises have been making progress in the safety management of hazardous chemicals, but the overall status quo is still: lack of safety awareness, rules and regulations are not yet complete, and the rectification of hidden dangers in safety inspections is only a formality...
Among them, the use and management of chemicals is the hardest hit area, so how to effectively manage chemicals when workers are exposed to chemicals?
1. Correctly recognize chemicals
The process of chemical exposure cannot be "ignorant and fearless". It requires correct and detailed cognition of chemicals, such as: safety data sheet MSDS; average allowable exposure concentration PC-TWA (National Occupational Health Standards of the People’s Republic of China); conduct operational risk assessment to make clear The safety hazards of chemicals, etc.
2. Safe storage of chemicals
Irregular storage of dangerous chemicals is a common problem, accounting for nearly one-third. Managers need to establish a clear account, and reduce the inventory as much as possible, actively create conditions, improve storage facilities, and reasonably classify storage according to chemical characteristics (compatibility).
3. Safe use of chemicals
During the use of chemicals, the following links need to be strictly controlled:
♦Packing and transfer: methods, containers, tools, leakage protection
♦Temporary storage: easy to take, and safely stored in the nearby dangerous goods storage cabinet
♦Ventilation: dilute, filter, and purify the air in the operating environment
♦Safety protection facilities: complete facilities; must not deal with inspections formally, be sure to choose practical and effective professional protection equipment; as safety protection equipment, regular maintenance is required to ensure normal operation!
4. Standardize the treatment of chemical waste
It must be implemented in accordance with relevant environmental protection laws, administrative regulations and relevant state regulations. Strengthen process management and standardize waste disposal: classified collection, reasonable storage and transportation, etc.
For example: "The "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" National Hazardous Waste Standardized Management Inspection and Assessment Work Plan", "Hazardous Waste Standardized Management Index System"...
5. Strengthen employee safety education
According to incomplete statistics, in the chemical industry, the proportion of accidents caused by human factors is as high as 88%. The current general situation in the chemical industry is: the safety awareness and protection capabilities of teachers and employees need to be strengthened; the construction of corporate safety culture has a long way to go. Therefore, we must attach importance to safety education, help employees to pay attention to production safety from the ideological level, to respect laboratory safety from the consciousness, and to guard against failure in actions.
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